As the body changes with age, nutritional needs also change. At the same time, older people tend to eat less so achieving the recommended daily intake of key nutrients can be challenging.
Some elderly people are consuming less than the recommended daily amount of protein1, 2, and up to 92% have low levels of vitamin D blood concentration3. Other important nutrients have to be maintained in optimal amounts like vitamin B124, B65, E6 and C7, and minerals such as calcium8, selenium9 or zinc10.
Ensuring you get enough nutrients – through subtle dietary changes and/or use of supplements - can improve wellbeing.
Other tips for improved diet and nutrition:
- Keep track of your food consumption for a week to help assess your nutrient level intake; discuss it with your doctor or other health care professional
- Drink at least 2 liters of water daily. The European Food Safety Authority states that 2 liters of water/day contribute to the maintenance of normal physical and cognitive functions; fluid intake is especially important for older adults wanting to maintain good activity levels and independence7.
- Plan meals ahead of time.
- Make shopping an enjoyable social event; invite a friend to join you.
- Prepare meals that are appealing to the senses.
- Make mealtimes social. Enjoy the food and rapport while helping yourself and others stick to a healthy diet.
- Consider high quality nutritional supplements if needed to help achieve the right nutrient levels.
The impact of moderate physical activity of at least 30 minutes per day is invaluable to health and wellbeing at any age - contributing to lowered risk of illness, improved mood, greater independence and more social interaction compared to inactive people.
Older adults who do regular physical activity are more likely to rate their health as ‘excellent,’ further promoting positive mental wellbeing8.
Exercise does not need to be strenuous, just regular. Engage your family and friends. Enjoy regular physical activities such as swimming or gardening. Find additional motivation by checking with your local community or fitness center for specific programs for older adults. In particular look for activities that focus on:
- Aerobic exercise such as walking briskly, jogging or biking increases your heart rate – good for your heart, as well as blood pressure8
Flexibility and balance exercises (as found in yoga) – can help guard against stiff muscles, injuries and falls. Even simple acts such as standing on one foot while brushing your teeth or washing dishes can contribute to improved balance.
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